Brno is the traditional capital city of Moravia and the second largest city in the Czech Republic.
Brno is also administrative center of South Moravian Region and Czech capital of judicial authority. Population of the city is about 405 thousand of citizens and population of the greater metropolitan area is about 730 thousand of citizens. Brno lies at the confluence of the Svitava and Svratka rivers and it surrounded by hills from three sides, notable part of the area occupied by the city is forest, about 28%. Average teperature is 9,4 °C and average Precipitation is about 505 mm (19.88 in).
Brno is the seat of the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, the Supreme Court, the Supreme Administrative Court, the Supreme Prosecutor's Office, and the Ombudsman. Brno is also an important center of Czech higher education, with 26 faculties of 11 universities and about 80 thousand students. Brno is also traditional place for performing big exhibitions and trade fairs on Brno exhibition center. The city is also known for hosting big motorbike and other races on the Brno racing circuit and for an international firework competition Ignis brunensis.
Most important main sights of the city are royal castle Špilberk and cathedral of saint Peter and Paul. The other castle in Brno is castle Veveri near Brno dam lake. Another important monument of Brno is villa Tugendhat, which has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. One of the attractive locations not only for tourist is also Moravian Karst.